TANZANIA has launched a development process of women, peace and security National Action Plan (NAP), to promote inclusion of women in conflict prevention and peace building.
The NAP will also operationalise the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 and strengthen on-going effort to ensure equal participation of women in peace and security leadership.
Delivering a keynote address during the high-level meeting to launch NAP process in Dar es Salaam, Minister for Foreign Affairs and East African Cooperation, Prof Palamagamba Kabudi said globally about 86 UN Members have developed and adopted National Action Plans.
“There is still a long way to go on women’s participation in peace negotiations and post-conflict reconstruction, as women still make up only 4.2 per cent of military personnel in United Nations peacekeeping missions. Moreover, for 2019, over 2,300 peacekeepers were deployed, out of which, 184 were women,” he said.
Prof Kabudi commended the leading collaborative efforts taken by Mwalimu Nyerere Foundation (MNF) and the UN Women in the development of NAP as women are poised to contribute more in peace building once given an opportunity.
He further said Tanzania has ensured that in military contingents, women are also deployed alongside men in UN and AU peacekeeping missions.
“The UN data on incidences of sexual exploitation and abuse allegations by peacekeepers recognises that Tanzania has exhibited an exemplary record of professionalism and has been able to provide women to participate in peacekeeping and peace building affairs of the United Nations and in the Great Lakes Region,” he said.
UNSCR 1325 was adopted on 31 October 2000, the resolution reaffirms the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts, peace negotiations, peace-building, peacekeeping, humanitarian response and in postconflict reconstruction, and stresses the importance of their equal participation and full involvement in all efforts for the maintenance and promotion of peace and security.
MNF Executive Director, Mr Joseph Butiku said the NAP will ensure the concerns of women in Tanzania are taken into account by national, regional and international bodies and promote greater participation of women in decision making, in line with Resolution 1325 and agenda 2020 for sustainable development.
“The foundation has been working closely with the government to develop UNSCR 1325 NAP, reflecting the country’s commitment to ensuring effective participation of women in its peace and security agenda and international commitments,” he explained.
Resolution 1325 was the first formal and legal document from the Security Council that required parties in a conflict to prevent violations of women’s rights, to support women’s participation in peace negotiations and post-conflict reconstruction, and to protect women and girls from wartime sexual violence.