Jifunze Kiswahili- Sehemu ya 7

We proceed with our topic Noun

3.Nomino dhahania (Abstract)

A noun denoting an idea , quality or state rather than a concrete object.

E.g love, happiness, freedom, danger and truth

4. Nomino za kawaida (Concrete noun)

A noun denoting a material object rather than an abstract quality, state,

or action eg dog, building, tree.

The division of noun in kiswahili language into classes and not into

masculine , feminine and neuter genders .the noun classes are distinguished

by their nominal prefixes.swahili nouns , therefore ,consist of a roof of the word and a prefix as follows.

From the stem tu ,and the prefix in we get mtu “a person”or human being

Likewise from the root tu and prefix mi we get kitu “a thing”or” something”

The prular of the two words are formed from the same roof with prefixes

Wa and Vi respectively;this watu(people)_Vitu”things”

For the sake of classification we count mtu,watu,as one class, and kitu, vitu as another class.in the following pages we are going to deal with each class separately.

There are eight classes but most of the nouns are found in the first five classes, as will

Seen below

In this class the nouns begin with M in the singular and Wa in the

Plural.They usually denote human being,They are:

Singular.                                                                    Plural

Mtu,man, person.                                                    Watu, people, persons

Mke,wife.                                                                   Wake,wives

Mume, husband.                                                          Waume husband’s

Exercise

Change into the plural

1,mwongo, mwizi, mume ,mwalimu, mwanamke, mwanaume,

Habari Zifananazo

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