We proceed with our topic orders and wishes
We may conclude from the above examples that:
q.whenever the vowel immediately preceding the final syllable is e or o,t hen e is inserted.Thus: kuleta,becomes kuletea, and kusoma becomes kusomea:
b.If the vowel preceding the last syllable is i then I is inserted.e.g kuandika becomes kuandikia:
c. If the preceding vowel is a ,I is again inserted before the last vowel,e.g.kutaka becomes kutakia.
Observe the different meanings conveyed by these verbs when they take on additional vowels.e.g. kutaka to want: anataka chai he wants tea; kutakia to wish somebody (well,ill). Nakutakia heri,”I wish you all good things! “Ninakutaka,”I want you”.
d.Verbs ending in ua, insert li before the final a.
e.g.kufungua”to open”, becomes kufungulia,”to open for someone”.
amefungua mlango ,”he has opened the door “; but amenifungulia mlango,”he has opened the door for to me”,
e.verbs ending in -i add a at the end ,e.g.”to think”, becomes kufikiria,”to think of, about, consider”.
Baba alifikiri sana. Father though hard.
Baba alikufikiria sana, father though of you very much.
Alirudi Jana jion. He came back yesterday evening.
Alirudia somo lake, He repeated his lesson.
f.Verbs ending in ia, insert li before the final a, e.g.
kukimbia,”to run”, becomes kukimbilia,”to run after.”
Observation; The above rules serve for both affirmative and negative orders and wishes.Examples;
Niletee chai, bring me tea
Usiniletee chai ,don’t bring me tea
Mpe mtoto maziwa, give the child milk
Usimpe mtoto maziwa, do not give the child milk
Mwambie aje, tell him to come.
Usimwambie aje, don’t tell him to come
Uwe hapa kesho asubuhi, be here tomorrow morning.
Usiwe hapa kesho asubuhi, don’t be here tomorrow morning.
Answer the following questions in the negative;
e.g. je ,mwalimu wetu alikuja jana shuleni
Answer; Hapana, mwalimu wetu hakuja shuleni Jana.
2.Je,unakula samaki na viazi?
3.Je mlikua nyumbani jana?